Kobuk Valley National Park is the least visited of the 59 national
parks, because it is arguably the most difficult to access. In this
post, I discuss the logistics of visiting Kobuk Valley National Park,
contrasting my approach with that of my fellow
travelers who have
visited the 59 national parks
Most Kobuk Valley National Park trips start in Kotzebue, situated just
north of the Arctic circle, on the coast of the Bering sea in
North-west Alaska. Although a typical bush town reached only by air
or sea, it is the transportation and commerce center for this vast
part of Alaska and is deserved daily by commercial jet from Alaska Airlines.
Flying into the park
Although less sculptural than other dune fields, the Great Kobuk Sand Dunes are such a curiosity in the Arctic that they are the park’s main landmark. The most popular way to visit Kobuk Valley National Park seems to get dropped directly on the Great Kobuk Sand Dunes by a bush plane equipped with
tundra tires. The charter flight from Kotzebue to the Great Sand Dunes
takes a bit less than an hour each way. In 2016, 59 in 59
paid $1,500 for the flight, including 45 minutes on the dunes, which seems a typical rate.
Many, such as 59 before 18, 59 National Parks, and Switchback Kids opt to continue the flight to
the western end of Gates of the Artic National Park, which is less than an hour from the Great Sand Dunes, visiting the two remote Alaskan parks on a single outing. Because an overnight stay requires a drop-off and a pick-up by plane,
therefore doubling the charter cost, most visitors spend between half an hour
and one hour wandering on the dunes, fulfilling their goal of setting foot in the park.
Seeking a more “immersive” experience, The Greatest Road Trip camped overnight near the dunes on a guided trip
(considering “ill-advised” to visit “without hands-on guidance from those who know the region”),
but despite “wanting to see as much as the park as possible”, they saw only the dunes and their immediate surroundings.
Traveling the Kobuk River
Those travelers overlook the most natural way of traveling Kobuk Valley National Park, which
is along the Kobuk River. 59 before 18
writes of the park: “It is only reachable by foot, dogsled, snowmobile, and aircraft.”
The Greatest Road Trip
in their seemingly detailed
“breakdown of ways to explore Kobuk”, also do not even mention the namesake river. Yet the river is the natural route into a roadless park, and
navigating it is the way the native Eskimo, who still use the park for subsistence caribou
hunting, have traveled the park for centuries.
Visiting from the river provides you with a more intimate experience of the park. It could be done like Our Vie on a day trip arranged from a lodge in both Ambler and Kiana, the two Eskimo villages respectively upstream and downstream. Although you get to experience the park more fully, that day trip can be a more expensive option than landing on the dunes, as the cost the guided excursion is $1,500 on top of a round-trip flight from Kotzebue to the village. It is also more demanding than
landing on the dunes since the hike from the river to the Great Sand Dunes is much tougher than the 2-mile distance would indicate because of the boggy terrain with tussocks.
The one-way float
Since many of the park travelers cite budget limitations as the
reason why they visited the park the way they did, it is interesting
that they did not consider floating one-way from Ambler to Kiana. I
certainly do not get any credit for originality in planning my visit
this way. Long before Michael Joseph Oswald stated goal of encouraging park
visitors to get off the road in his Your
Guide to the National Parks
, the mainstream and venerable National Geographic
Guide to the National Parks of the USA
start their section “How to
Visit” with “Take a combination river-hiking trip”, and in the main section: “A river trip through the park from Ambler to
Kiana, with plenty of time for hiking, takes about a week”.
While a flight to the Great Sand Dunes has to be chartered, Ambler and
Kiana are deserved by commuter, regularly scheduled flights which are much less expensive.
In 2002, the year of my visit, Bering Air charged $140 per person for Kotzebue-Ambler and
Kiana-Kotzebue was $80. There was a luggage charge of $0.70/lbs over 40lbs, but
we ended up paying less than $100 in excess luggage weight. Your boat needs to be transported by plane.
We did not own a suitable boat, so we rented a Soar 16, an inflatable hybrid canoe/kayak,
that carries two people and a lot of gear directly from SOAR, paying $225 for two weeks. Since we
flew to Kotzebue on Alaska Air miles, the transportation cost to visit Kobuk Valley National Park for my wife
and I was $765. That’s $383 per person ($515 in 2016 dollars) for the most complicated national park to visit.
It wasn’t the easiest way. To make the trip in a week, instead of a leisurely float, we had to paddle vigorously,
as the wind would otherwise sometimes push us backward, and we were frequently soaked by rains.
But we were rewarded by getting to spend a week seeing the entire width of the park along its main artery,
including hiking excursions to Onion Portage and the Great Sand Dunes. Timing our trip for the autumn migration,
we often spotted caribou swimming across the wide river. I am not going to say that one can embark on such an expedition casually, because you are traveling in the place that John McPhee called “the most isolated wilderness I would ever see” in Coming Into the Country
. However in summer, there is a fair amount of native traffic along the Kobuk River, which mitigates the risk of the adventure.
Along the way we got the privilege to meet with the native Inupiaq Eskimo, starting from the moment a family gave us an “airport shuttle” ride in Ambler. Interacting with those exceptionally friendly and helpful people, and getting to see their traditional way of life was a highlight that we would have missed with a quicker trip. And although this was purely theoretical, I got the chance to photograph seven sunrises and seven sunsets in the park.
Although based on a single park, you can now see the difference between my 59 national parks project, and the documented ones by others. Due to its remoteness,
Kobuk Valley is one of the two national parks I have visited the
least. I took a single trip there, whereas in average I visited each
national parks four to five times. I think this depth is reflected in
Treasured Lands. All the landscape images in this blog post are included in the book.